The Great Pyramid of Giza was the tallest man made structure for almost 4000 years.
Once, the pyramids were polished with white veneer where under the sunlight and moonlight, makes the building brilliantly reflected to an almost blinding degree.
Over centuries, the limestones were chipped away by rulers of their respective age to build buildings. The Arabs who came into power in the 14th century for example, used them to build mosques.
The engineering marvel of the pyramids are well documentated and though some of it may be embellished, one cannot help but wonder - how did the ancients did it?
There's massive evidence that the person whom designed the blueprint for the pyramid is a man named Imhotep - a man so renowned that he was worshipped 2000 years later in Egyptian culture as the God of Healing.
He first designed the Step Pyramid of Djoser - basically a failed and transitional form of the structure that the Egyptians went through before perfecting the pyramid's design.
Interestingly, there's also an argument that Imhotep is the true "Father Of Medicine", preceding Hippocrates by more than a millennium.
The Pyramid of Djoser started a pyramid building craze dubbed the Age Of Pyramids. Djoser's lineage dubbed The 3rd Dynasty however, ended several generations later with the pharaoh Huni.
A man named Sneferu founded the 4th Dynasty and built the Bent Pyramid of Dashur , a design still quite imperfect but shows how far the Egyptians had come in building the pyramid.
The largest of the 3 pyramids in the complex is known as The Pyramid Of Khufu, built around 2550BC and the son of Sneferu.
I visited the pyramid for 5 times during my stay in Egypt, and to be honest reading about it is a lot more interesting than actually visiting it.
The constant hackling by the peddlers especially, trying to exploit and extract as much money as they could from you makes it a very frustrating experience.
Don't even bother to entertain them, just walk even if it may seem rude.
There are 2 other pyramids in the complex. One a bit smaller than Khufu is named The Pyramid of Khafre. Khafre is actually the son of Khufu.
The last one and far smaller than the other 2 is The Pyramid of Menkaure - the grandson and son of the 2 previous pyramid's namesake. This pyramid was actually attempted to be demolished in the 12th century by Al-Aziz Othman, son to the legendary Saladin.
His argument was that it is a Pagan symbol and need to be abolished. However the task was too monumental and he later abandoned the intention. It did however leave a huge vertical gash on the pyramid.
The pyramid complex is actually not that far off from civilisation, and to think that the structure stood tall from the Age of the Dynasties, to the Greco-Roman period, to the Arabs and now modern day Egypt is amazing.
To get to the pyramid from Cairo you can either:
A - Rent a taxi to go directly there which is a lot more expensive
B - Take a train to Giza then take a bus then take a tremco which is much cheaper but a bit more complex.
I took option B on my fifth trip to the pyramid. This tremco as you can see, has no door.
I can't seem to remember the fees to enter this place. But the line was quite long. Be prepared to be constantly pestered by peddlers by this point.
If you are here during the summer, buying a hat and muffler is almost essential. The heat is unbelievable.
Plus the walk can be quite long.
One thing to note is that newer evidence shows that the pyramid weren't actually being built by slaves. Remnants of bones of food, housing estates, workshops gave a strong support that the pyramid is in fact being built by skilled paid workers.
Remnants of bones of food, housing estates, workshops gave a strong support that the pyramid is in fact being built by skilled paid workers.To think that they can conquer these building techniques and found ways to fiddle within their severe technological limitation shows human back then were just as clever as human are now.
To think that they can conquer these building techniques and found ways to fiddle within their severe technological limitation shows human back then were just as clever as human are now.
It is incredible.
Though it is quite expensive, I do recommend getting a horseride around the pyramid. They will charge you an insane amount at first but try to soft pedal a bit, the price will go down considerably.
Then there is also the Sphinx, but maybe that is a story for another time.